'Living roofs' – also called green roofs or plant roofs – are architectural designs that have existed for hundreds of years and today, it is clear that this is the future of construction and the urban environment. It is an eco-friendly choice that not only looks unique but also offers advantages over traditional building materials.
The purpose of green building is to create a healthy and comfortable living environment (living, etc.) while avoiding, as much as possible, damage to perishable natural resources and the environment. Green building is expressed in the use of environmentally friendly andrecycledmaterials and a design that will allow maximum energy savings.
Enjoy the beauty of the coolest 'roofs of life' on the planet:
1. THE ACROS BUILDING IN JAPAN IS A PYRAMID-SHAPED STRUCTURE WITH A GREEN ROOF PLANTED WITH TREES AND VEGETATION
The building features a stepped façade with more than 50,000 plants. The roof is part of a huge million-square-foot building that includes office space, shops, a theater and museums.
Now, many of the plants are so tall that they hide the stair railings, which were clearly visible only a few years ago. In fact, you have to stretch your neck to see over the trees, meaning you'd better give up on the idea. When you're at leaf level, it feels like you're actually standing in the middle of a miniature forest.
When it was first built, it contained 76 different species of plants, including 23 different types of trees ranging from plum to maple. According to the information sign at the entrance, more species have started to thrive on the green roof and now there are 120 different species and 50,000 plants.
HIDDEN BENEATH THE VERTICAL FOREST OF THE BUILDING, HIDES ALMOST A MILLION SQUARE METERS FILLED WITH EXHIBITION HALLS, A MUSEUM, A THEATER, CONFERENCE FACILITIES, PARKING LOTS AND SHOPS. THE GLASS-COVERED MAIN ATRIUM LETS THE NATURAL LIGHT OF THE SUN'S RAYS IN. VISITORS ARRIVING AT THE TOP OF THE ACROS (THE TOPMOST FLOOR) WILL NOTICE A STADIUM-STYLE SEATING AREA THAT PROVIDES A LOVELY VIEW OF THE GREENERY THAT MAKES THIS STRUCTURE THE ONLY ONE OF ITS KIND IN THE WORLD.
2. The lush green roof of Nanyang University School of Art and Design, Singapore
Nanyang University of TechnologySingapore School of Art and Design is a stunning 5-storey building that houses the university's art students department.
The glass façade provides an essential envelope for the building. It's high-performance that reduces heat stress caused by direct sunlight penetrating the glass, while maximizing the benefits of natural scenery and daylight entering creative spaces.
Glass walls are characterized by their ability to produce a visual reflection between interior and exterior. Students and teachers experience the building, the surrounding landscape and the interior which means natural scattered daylight is abundant in all studios and classrooms, filtered through the foliage and all surrounding vegetation.
Winding green roofs distinguish the structure from other buildings on campus. The roofs create an open green space, insulating the building, cooling the surrounding air and storing rainwater to irrigate the plaza. Planted plants mix with native plants to link the structure to the surrounding landscape.
Raw finishes were deliberately used as a backdrop for the university's art, media and design projects. Concrete walls and columns, floors ironed with cement sand, wooden railings and a neutral plate are what define the interior spaces and they differ in shape and size. This stunning design seems to offer a new experience in any scale or perspective, and it fulfills the Art School's intention to inspire creativity.
Project Eden; The Botanic Gardens in England are a closed and unique ecosystem
Project Eden is a fantastic achievement of bioengineering thanks to its unique round and white structure. The Eden Project is a complex in Cornwall, England that includes a complex of botanical gardens and buildings that form an enclosed ecosystem.
Project Eden is a globalecotourismproject, built with the aim of preserving plant species and creating ecological awareness. The site serves as a tourist attraction open to the general public and at the same time research is conducted in the field ofbotany. The site includes open gardens with vegetation suitable for the local climate, as well as twobiomesbuilt of continuousgeodesic domes in which botanical gardens suitable for different climates are cultivated. For example, in the first biome there is a tropical climateand in the second there is aMediterranean climate.
The transparent dome acts as agreenhousethat stores the sun's energy during the day. The proximity of the domes to the hillside makes it possible to utilizethermal energystored in the soil mass and to use the naturaltopographyinside the biome to flow water and create waterfalls that enrich the air with moisture.
The integration of the complex into the terrain together with its construction, which serves as an example ofsustainable green building, has received many positive reviews from architects and environmentalists.
The site offers tours for visitors on the subject of vegetation and climate, but mainly educates about environmental protection, renewable energy use, energy saving and recycling. In addition to the educational content of the site, the buildings themselves are built using advanced environmental technology and make maximum use of natural resources, for the purpose of regulating climate systems and operating biomes.
The main message of Project Eden is the relationship between people and plants – and to strengthen awareness and connection to nature.
Earth Houses in Dietikon, Switzerland, designed by architect Peter Wetsch
Peter Vetsch is a Swiss-born architect who is a world-renowned designer of sustainable homes with 'living roofs'. Here are some of his works:
Earth's Houses are considered the most environmentally friendly and energy-efficient. The natural soil layer protects the building from the cold and other undesirable environmental influences, even from strong storms. In the event of possible earthquakes, the construction of the dome in conjunction with reinforcement of the network constitutes significant structural advantages.
Residents of these houses also appreciate the pleasant and balanced climate in the rooms. By whitewashing the inner walls with clay, the interior space has a healthy humidity of about 50 percent. Conventional construction works try to avoid future problems with a lot of technology and a lot of investment. On the other hand, these problems do not exist in the houses of the earth. They also protect residents from allergens and other pollutants found in the outdoor air.
Marcel Sambat High School in France
It just could be the coolest school in the world. Marcel Sambat High School is a complex of 6 buildings located near the park and over the years has allegedly become part of it. The school was originally built in the 1930s and has since undergone several "green" upgrades. The eco-conscious design was carried out by Archi5 Architects.
Advantages of green roofs
1. Protection against storms, winds and earthquakes
The unique architecture of the earth houses protects them from severe wind storms. They cannot tear or roll over in strong winds.
2. Preserving the landscape and efficient use of the land
Another advantage of an underground shelter is the efficient use of land.
Compared to conventional buildings, earth houses blend perfectly into their surroundings. The earth-covered roofs help integrate the environment, protect the natural landscape and contribute to the oxygen-nitrogen balance of the soil, which would otherwise be covered by a traditional house foundation, and hinders nitrogen fixation and soil ventilation. Unlike conventional roofs, earth house roofs return the useful area to the environment. Moreover, 'green roof structures' can be built in mountainous terrain easily, unlike conventional houses, which will require flat ground.
3. Fire protection
Compared to other building materials, such as trees, earth houses have effective fire protection thanks to the insulation provided by the roof.
4. Planting plants on rooftops
Roof cladding is done using excavation material that allows planting useful plants.
Earth houses can be built using wide glass facades and lights through the dome, allowing the rooms to be illuminated and soaked in light. Dome lights provide natural light to bathrooms and secondary rooms.
6. Structural flexibility and survivability
Due to the mass of soil between the living area of an earth house and the terrain level, an earth house offers significant protection against damage from impact/explosion, or fallout from a nuclear bomb. Earthquake resistant, a structure that integrates with the ground and the environment is not subject to earthquake warp or collapse as would happen to a traditional structure made of concrete and plaster.