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Can nuclear power cut the world's carbon emissions in half?

Can nuclear power cut the world's carbon emissions in half?

Can nuclear power cut the world's carbon emissions in half?

There are always representatives who are convinced that all we need is solar energy. These people probably didn't do the math. People provide a lot of responses like "diesel is cheaper than nuclear power" and cite the incredible growth rate of solar energy.

In fact, the International Energy Agency knows this, and predicts that we will need to double the world's nuclear output by 2050 to reach net zero energy. That's the difference between someone who checked the numbers in great detail and someone who didn't. That's why so many environmental organizations and advocates have come to the conclusion that unless we have a faster rise innuclear energy, the world will continue to burn coal.

NETZERO Energy means that a building balances its energy needs with energy produced from renewable sources without emissions.

China has used more solar power in recent years than any other country

I wish renewable energy could solve everything. But the world's largest renewable market certainly doesn't think so. China has used more solar power in recent years than any other country. Last year, China's solar output increased by 66 terawatt-hours (TWh). This accounted for 35% of the world's total growth in solar energy. China's total solar production per year – 327 TWh – was double that of the United States, which ranks second in the world.

But that hasn't stopped China from continuing to build both coal-fired and new nuclear power plants. China's coal consumption has more than doubled in the past 20 years. The country accounts for 53.8% of the world's coal consumption, and last year China set a new record for coal consumption.

Solar energy is insufficient

However, China has recognized that solar energy – as quickly as they add it – can't do everything. That is why China's nuclear power output is constantly increasing. Over the past decade, China's average annual growth in nuclear power output has been 16.7 percent—the highest in any country except Iran. During this time, China's nuclear power consumption has increased by 320 TWh, and they still have 21 nuclear reactors under construction.

Image by Wolfgang Claussen from Pixabay

Total global nuclear consumption has increased by 148 TWh over the past decade, which means that outside of China, nuclear power consumption has declined over the past decade.

Where is there an increase in the use of nuclear energy? Here are the 10 countries with the fastest growth rates for nuclear energy over the past decade.

Global Nuclear Energy Growth Data

Iran – average annual growth of 41.9% between 2011-2021. Iran is the last country to care about the environment and produce nuclear energy for malicious purposes, to produce nuclear bombs under the guise of "green energy." When it overtakes the rest of the countries by many percent, radically as if it prioritizes the environment.
China – 16.7%
Pakistan – 14.9%
Argentina – 5.4%
India – 3.1%
Russia – 2.5%
Mexico – 1.7%
Czech Republic – 0.8%
Belgium – 0.5%
Slovakia – 0.2%

Dependence on nuclear energy

Global growth is anemic at 0.5%. In the United States, which remains the world's largest market for nuclear energy with a 29% share in the world, nuclear production has fallen by an average of 0.2% over the past decade. The European Union showed an even bigger decline, at 1.3% a year.

The EU overall depends on nuclear energy for 11% of its main energy consumption. For the U.S., that number is 8.0% (for all energy consumption). In contrast, the Asia-Pacific region, which is responsible for most of the world's carbon emissions, depends on nuclear power at a total of 2.4% of its primary energy consumption.

renewable energy; Is it possible to meet the demand?

Can the Asia Pacific region continue to develop with renewable energy, which provides the bulk of the demand for new energy? Given the rapid growth of overall energy demand in the region, it seems highly unlikely that renewable energy alone can meet the demand. In recent years, this has translated into a greater expansion of fossil fuel consumption in these areas, resulting in more pollution.

Can nuclear energy be safe?

Additional nuclear energy in developing regions can help meet the growing demands of energy, without the continuous and excessive use of the region's carbon dioxide emissions. However, the world needs safe nuclear reactor designs, effective nuclear waste disposal solutions, and more political support. More research is also needed to learn to use this technology more effectively and prevent use for nuclear bomb construction and covert military use.

There is a need for responsible and international control of nuclear energy. Among other things, in order to prevent the leakage of technology and hazardous materials to the black market. Dangerous Messianic religious states that threaten the destruction of another country should be prohibited from using nuclear energy for any purpose such as Iran.

Since nuclear energy uses radioactive fuel, it is not considered renewable energy. However, nuclear power is the second largest source of low-carbon electricity in the world after hydropower. There are many types of hydropower installations, although they are all powered by the kinetic energy of running water, as it moves downstream. Water energy uses turbines and generators to convert this kinetic energy into electricity, which is fed into the grid.

Although nuclear energy is not renewable, it is still recyclable. Thanks to Orano technologies, unique in the world on an industrial scale, 96% of the nuclear fuel invested in reactors can be recycled.

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