Biophilia means the innate human attachment and emotional attachment to nature and other living beings. The term was coined by biologist E.O. Wilson, it indicates that humans have an inherent need to be connected to nature and natural environments. It recognizes the profound impact nature has on our physical, mental and emotional well-being.
The biophiliahypothesis is a hypothesis developed in the modern era, according to which there is an innate human tendency to seek connections with nature, and in particular with other living beings. Edward Wilson, an American biologist, naturalist and author, presented and published the hypothesis in his book Biophilia. Wilson defines biophilia as "the urge to relate to other life forms."
Biophilia suggests that our relationship with nature is deeply rooted in our evolutionary history and that being in nature can have positive effects on our overall health and happiness. Biophilia encompasses the idea that exposure to natural elements, such as plants, sunlight, water and natural landscapes, can promote relaxation, reduce stress, improve cognitive function, and contribute to our overall sense of well-being.
The term emphasizes the importance of integrating nature into our living spaces and urban environments. Biophilia emphasizes the innate human desire to connect with nature and recognizes the positive effects nature has on our well-being. Embracing biophilia in our daily lives, environment, and decisions can contribute to a healthier and more fulfilling existence.