The connection between man and his search for drugs in nature belongs to the distant past, which relies on many testimonies, from various sources: written documents, preserved monuments, and even original plant medicines.
Awareness of the use of herbs is the result of many years of fighting against disease. As a result, man learned to pursue medicines in shells, seeds, fruit bodies and other parts of plants. Contemporary science has recognized their vital action, and it has included in modern drug treatment a variety of medicines of plant origin, recognized by ancient cultures and used throughout the millennia.
Ancient Testimonies and Writings
Knowledge in the development of ideas related to the use of medicinal herbs, as well as the development of awareness. Increase the ability of pharmacists and physicians to respond to challenges, which have arisen with the ability to distribute professional services to make one's life easier.
"The oldest written evidence of the use of medicinal herbs, for the preparation of medicines, was found on a Sumerian clay tablet from Nagpur, about 5,000 years old. It included 12 recipes for making medicines relating to more than 250 different plants, some of which are alkaloids such as poppy, henna and mandraca."
The Chinese book on roots and grasses "Pen T'Sao", written by Emperor Shen Nong around 2,500 BC, touches on 365 medicines (dried parts of medicinal herbs), many of which are still used today such as: Rhei rhisoma, camphor, Theae folium, Podophyllum , Great yellow gentian, ginseng, jimson herb, cinnamon bark andephedra.
While the ancient peoples used herbs mainly as simple pharmaceutical forms – infusions, decoctions, and steaming. In the Middle Ages, and especially between the 16th and 18th centuries, the demand for complex drugs increased. And the complex medicines included herbs combined with medicines of animal and plant origin.
The turning point in relation to medicinal plants
The early 19th century marked a turning point in the knowledge and use of medicinal herbs. The discovery, establishment and isolation of alkaloids from poppy ( 1806), ipecacuanha (1817), strychnos (1817), quinine (1820), pomegranate (1878) and other plants, and then the isolation of glycosides, marked the beginning of pharmaceutical science. With the upgrading of chemical methods, additional active ingredients from medicinal plants such as tannins, saponosides, essential oils, vitamins, hormones, etc. were also discovered.
During the Middle Ages, plant research began to be based on observation and experiment. In the 16th and 17th centuries, interest in botany was revived in Europe and spread to America through European conquest and colonization. Philosophers began to act as herbalists and academic professors studied plants in great depth. Herbalists began to study the use of plants for both medicinal and agricultural purposes.
People's ongoing and constant interest in medicinal plants
Botanists in the Middle Ages were known as herbalists; They collected, grown, dried, stored and drew plants. Many have become experts in identifying and describing plants. According to their morphology and habitats, as well as their usefulness. These books, called Herbalism, included beautiful drawings and drawings of plants as well as their uses.
People have always tried to find drugs to relieve pain and cure various diseases. In every period, in every continuous century of the development of humanity and advanced civilizations. The medicinal properties of certain herbs have been identified, noted, and passed on to subsequent generations. The knowledge of one culture was transferred to another, which upgraded the old possibilities, and discovered new ones, until today. People's ongoing and constant interest in medicinal plants has brought today's modern and sophisticated technology to the way we process and use herbs.